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History of Valentine’s Day

History of Valentine’s Day

Olivia Nottebohm
valentines day

When lovers express their love with greetings and gifts, Valentine’s Day is a holiday. It’s called St. Valentine’s Day as well. The holiday has grown to convey the love between relatives and friends.

When is Valentine’s Day?

On Feb. 14, Valentine’s Day is observed annually.

Who is Valentine’s Day named after?

Valentine’s day perhaps has taken its name from a priest martyred about 270 CE by the Roman emperor Claudius II Gothicus, although other Christian martyrs called Valentine. Other accounts hold that Terni’s St. Valentine, a bishop after whom the holiday was named, although it is probable that one person was the two saints.

How is Valentine’s Day celebrated?

On Feb. 14, Valentine’s Day is celebrated. It is a romantic love festival, and many individuals send their spouse or partner cards, letters, flowers, or gifts. In a restaurant or overnight in a hotel, they may also arrange a romantic dinner. Hearts, Red Roses and Cupid are traditional symbols of Valentine’s Day.

Origins of Valentine Day

Valentine is a moment to celebrate love and romance and kissy-face faithfulness. But the origins of this candy and cupid festival are dark, bloody, and muddled a little. Although nobody has identified the exact source of the holiday, ancient Rome is an excellent place to start, where men hit women by, well, hitting them.

  • Them wild and crazy romans

The Romans used to celebrate the feast of Lupercalia from Feb. 13 to 15. The men slaughtered a goat and a dog, and then the women were whipped with the hides of animals they had killed.

Them wild and crazy romans

The Roman romantics “were drunk. They were naked,” said Noel Lenski, a Boulder University of Colorado historian. In reality, young women will line up to get the men to hit them, Lenski says. This will make them fertile, they claimed.

A matchmaking lottery was included in the harsh fete, in which young men drew women’s names from a pot. The pair will then be, um, paired up, or longer if the match was right for the festival’s duration.

The name of this modern-day love may also be the duty of the ancient Romans. In 3rd century A.D., Emperor Claudius II executed two men, both named Valentine, on Feb. 14 of different years. The Catholic Church celebrated their martyrdom with the celebration of St. Valentine’s Day.

Later, in the 5th century, by merging St. Valentine’s Day with Lupercalia to expel the pagan rites, Pope Gelasius I muddled things. But more of a dramatic representation of what it once was, the festival was. It was a little more like a drunken revel, but the Christians put clothes back on them. Th didn’t stop it from being a day of fertility and love.

The Normans celebrated the Galatian day at about the same time. Gallatin meant “lover of women.” At some point, it was possibly confused with St. Valentine’s Day, in part because they sound alike.

  • Shakespeare in Love

The holidays got sweeter as the years went by. In their work, Chaucer and Shakespeare romanticized it, and it gained prominence throughout Britain and the rest of Europe. In the Middle Ages, handmade paper cards were tokens-du-jour.

Eventually, the tradition made way to the New World. The industrial revolution ushered in factory-made cards in the 19th century. And in 1913, Hallmark Cards of Kansas City, Mo., began mass producing valentines. February has not been the same since.

Shakespeare in Love

Today, the holiday is big business: Valentine’s Day sales reached $17.6 billion last year, according to market research firm IBIS World; sales are expected to total $18.6 billion this year. But for many, that commercialization has spoiled the day. We have only ourselves to blame, says Helen Fisher, a sociologist at Rutgers University.

She says that if people didn’t want to buy Hallmark cards, they wouldn’t buy them, and Hallmark would go out of business. This isn’t a command performance. And so the Valentine’s Day celebration goes on, in various ways. Many will break up the bank to buy their beloved jewelry and flowers. In a SAD (that’s Single Awareness Day) way, others will celebrate, dining alone and binging on self-gifted chocolates. The same way the early Romans did, a few may even spend this day. Let’s not go there, however.

Is Valentine’s day a commercialized holiday?

Like all modern holidays, Valentine’s Day has become a heavily commercialized holiday, with the total amount spent on presents over the past decade increasing by $60.

Facts about St. valentine:

  • Two different men may have been St. Valentine who inspired the vacation.

St. Valentine officially was recognized by the Roman Catholic Church, is known to be a real individual who died around A.D. 270. However, 270.0 His true identity was questioned as early as A.D. 496 by Pope Gelasius I, who referred to the martyr as “being known only to God” and his actions.

St. Valentine

Valentine is described in one account from the 1400s as a temple priest decapitated by Emperor Claudius II near Rome to help Christian couples wed as Valentine was bishop of Terni, as he was martyred by the Claudius II on Rome’s outskirts, a different account claims. Because of the similarities between these accounts, it is thought that they may refer to the same individual.

The real identity of St. Valentine is sufficiently confused that in 1969 the Catholic Church discontinued liturgical veneration of him, although his name remains on his list of officially recognized saints.

  • There’s about a dozen St. Valentines in all, plus a pope.

To differentiate him from dozen or so other Valentines on the list, the saint we used to celebrate on Valentine’s Day is officially known as St. Valentine of Rome. “Valentinus” was a famous moniker between the second and eighth centuries A.D. Several martyrs have carried this name over the centuries.

The official Roman Catholic roster of saints have a dozen who were named Valentine, or some variation. St. Valentine Berrio-Ochoa, was a Spaniard of the Dominican who has traveled to Vietnam, where he has served as bishop until his beheading in 1861, is the most recently beatified Valentine. Pope John Paul II has canonized Berrio-Ochoa in 1988. Even Pope Valentine was there, though little is known of him except that he served around A.D. for just 40 days. Huh. 827.

  • Valentine is the patron saint of, among many other things, beekeepers and epilepsy.

In the afterlife, saints are expected to keep busy. Their holy duties include interceding and entertaining petitions from living souls in earthly affairs. St. Valentine has wide-ranging spiritual responsibilities in this respect. Of course, people call on him to watch over the lives of lovers and beekeeping and epilepsy interventions, as well as for plague, fainting, and traveling. He is also the patron saint of engaged couples and happy marriages, as you might expect.

  • The Valentine’s Skull can be found in Rome.

On view in the Basilica of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Rome is the flower-adorned skull of St. Valentine. The excavation of a catacomb near Rome in the early 1800s yielded skeletal remains and other artifacts now linked with St. Valentine.

These bits and fragments of the late saint’s body have subsequently been dispersed to shrines worldwide, as is customary in the Czech Republic, Ireland, Scotland, England, and France.

  • Geoffrey Chaucer, the English poet, may have invented Valentine’s Day.

Geoffrey Chaucer, the medieval English poet, frequently took liberties with history, putting his poetic characters in fictional historical contexts, which he depicted as actual. There is no record of romantic festivities before a poem Chaucer wrote around 1375, on Valentine’s Day.

He ties a tradition of courteous love with the celebration of St. Valentine’s feast day in his work “Parliament of Foules,” a connection that did not exist until his poem gained widespread attention. The day birds and humans come together searching for a mate, and the verse refers to Feb. 14. He might have invented the holiday we know today.

  • Several times a year, you will celebrate Valentine’s Day.

You can opt to celebrate the saint several times per year because of the abundance of St. Valentines on the Roman Catholic roster. In addition to Feb. 14, on Nov. 3, you might plan to celebrate St. Valentine of Viterbo. Or maybe by celebrating St. Valentine of Raetia on Jan. 7, you want to get a start on the typical Valentine’s celebration.

Women might want to honor the only woman martyred in Palestine on Jul. 25, A.D., St. Valentine (Valentina), a virgin. Huh. 308. St. Valentine is officially celebrated by Eastern Orthodox Church twice, once as an elder of the church on Jul. 6 and once as a martyr on Jul. 30.

Valentines Day Gifts 2021

Gifts for Her on Valentine

  • Made good camera transport bag

With this structured leather alternative, give her the liberty of a lighter bag that fits comfortably over her shoulder and holds only the necessities so that she can bid goodbye to over-filled bags (and achy shoulders). This bag will be her new go-to if she’s either doing errands or going out for urban adventures, and you will secure your place as her preferred adventure buddy.

  • Bauble bar some like it hot huggie earrings

Maybe she’s a fan of hot sauce, or perhaps she likes puns. She collects flashy earrings, maybe. She’ll love these sparkling, glittering earrings with a hot, perfect-for-Day Valentine’s twist, whatever her interests are.

  • Kate spade new York apple watch bracelet

Support her dress it up a little with this rose gold bracelet if her Apple Watch is her most favorite friend, other than you, of course. To spice it up a little, it connects to the watch, and the ties (officially, it is shaped like spades) look a little like hearts, so it’s also really romantic.

  • CamelBak MultiBev

The multi-tasker she’s always dreamed of is this Valentine’s Day present. The 17-ounce capacity of the bottle will help her remain hydrated everywhere she goes. The cleverly embedded coffee cup will help her dismiss her single-use coffee cup habit in favor of a reusable one she will never forget at home again.

  • The earbud circle pouch in leather

Help her out a little with this chic leather case, which holds her headphones (or keys) right where she wants them: attached to her bag strap and ready to go, whether your wife or girlfriend wouldn’t dare leave the house without her trusty earbuds (but often is a little forgetful).

Best Gifts For Him On Valentine

  • Personalized family band art

Help him live his rock star dreams with a custom band poster if he’s always dreamed of getting his band, or your family is immensely talented. Choose a particular day, prepare the perfect colors, and be proud to hang this vibrant, customized wall art in a place of pride.

  • Plexus chirp wheel

This set of three wheels helps alleviate pressure on muscles and ligaments in the back for achy backs, elderly ones, and overworked ones alike. He can pick the wheel of choosing the correct strain and enjoy a back massage (and strengthening benefits) every day.

  • Indie boards and cards terraforming mars board game

Please give him a new activity with you or friends to do at home. Players establish habitable territories on Mars in this strategic world-building board game, with many different objectives to accomplish and paths to victory to take. After one game, he’ll be addicted, and both of you will be ready to stay and play this winter and spring.

  • Logitech K580 multi-device Bluetooth keyboard

He would enjoy this hyper compact, low-profile keyboard whether he’s set to work from home for the long-haul or he’s a regular traveler who likes to work from planes and trains (and airports). It has ultra-quiet keys so that those around it will not be distracted by his typing, and it can pair with most mobile devices allowed by Bluetooth so that he can use it with his computer, his tablet, and even his phone.

  • Brooklinen super-plush robe

This one is a goodie as far as presents for boyfriends go. He is a softie at heart, regardless of his outward attitude. Help him use this soft, plump, oversized robe to dress the part. Your guy will feel like he’s wearing a big hug all day long, and all the better if he thanks you for you, too, with a few embraces.

Best Gifts For Parents And Siblings

  • A delicate, stackable ring that will never forget any of the names of your siblings again.
  • To inspire the two of you to spend some quality time making delicious pastries, a deluxe baking package.
  • A touching pillow, and when you plan to be all romantic, your parents love it entirely.
  • Your mom can show off a mama bear mug to the entire office or to any friends you bring home, so they know she’s going to attack if anyone dares to harm her boy.
  • A generational birthstone necklace that will give your grams or your mom who has just turned into a grandmother that will remind her why she likes to bake cookies first of all.

Valentine Day Cards

With one of those sweet and so-easy handmade Valentine’s Day cards, send a quick heartfelt greeting. Make Valentine’s Day I Heart You card: print the template on plain paper, then cut the strong lines out. On 12×12-inch cardstock, trace the cutout, cut out, then fold as shown by the dotted lines.

Valentine Day Decoration Ideas

DIY Ring Plate

This decoration is ideal for holding rings or other jewelry. This DIY ring plate is fashioned from oven-baked clay and will remind the particular person how you feel about them every time they use it.

How to make:

  • Shape the modeling clay in a shallow heart-shaped plate.
  • Attach a decorative edge and etch a proverb with a skewer or sculpting tool at the container’s bottom.
  • As directed, bake.

Iron-on Dishtowels Love Message

These custom dish towels, elegant and practical, will add love and joy to the kitchen, the most used space in the house.

See Also
1920s Fashion

To create:

Design imagery, including images, on your screen, if desired. Print on iron-on paper for transfer. Cut out per manufacturer’s instructions on cotton dishtowels around imagery and iron.

The Mason Jar Lantern Painted

Offer the gift of light and love with this glass jar that is decorated.

To make:

  • Paint stripes with acrylic paint on the inside of a mason or another glass container.
  • Place a battery-operated tea light in the jar until it has dried.
  • With a piece of bright twine or ribbon, screw on the cover and embellish it.

Wrapped Heart Shaped Wreath by Gingham

Hang this happy gingham-wrapped wreath over a headboard or on the front door.

Kiss DIY Balloons

Hey, got lipstick? Then you’ve got almost all the supplies you need to make this fun decoration for Valentine’s Day, which is going to be a big hit with all your guests.

Garland with Candy Heart

We love that this garland takes a peek at the classic conversation heart candy. If you add a few inside jokes of your own among the texts, bonus points!

Heart Balloons for Talk

All right, this is officially our new favorite craft for Valentine’s Day! Plus, it couldn’t be simpler to put together or more enjoyable.

Garland of DIY Heart

Make this garland, and you’re going to be halfway to another Valentine-ified home! It’s much simpler than it seems.

Garland of DIY Heart

Make this garland, and you’re going to be halfway to another Valentine-ified home! It’s much simpler than it seems.

Succulent Valentines DIY

You don’t have to give these succulent Valentines away, but it’s a choice for sure! They’ll look pretty sitting in your own home on a windowsill together.

Valentine day Quotes

“There is only one happiness in life: to love and be loved.” – George Sand, Author.

“Valentine’s Day is the poet’s holiday.” – Ted Koosner, Poet.

“Your flaws are perfect for the heart that’s meant to love you.” – Trent Shelton, Football Player.

“Lovers don’t finally meet somewhere. They’re in each other all along.” – Rumi, Poet

“A flower cannot blossom without sunshine, and man cannot live without love.” – Max Muller, Philologist.

“You know you’re in love when you can’t fall asleep because reality is finally better than your dreams.” – Dr. Seuss, Author.

“The art of love…is largely the art of persistence.” – Albert Ellis, Psychologist.

“Love planted a rose, and the world turned sweet.” – Katharine Lee Bates, Songwriter.

“It is astonishing how little one feels alone when one loves.” – John Bulwer, Physician.

“Love is the greatest refreshment in life.” – Pablo Picasso, Artist.

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